Joseph Walter Jackson July 26, — June 27, was an American talent manager and patriarch of the Jackson family of entertainers that includes his children Michael and Janet. Jackson recalled from his early childhood that his father was domineering and strict, and he described himself in his memoir The Jacksons as a "lonely child that had only few friends". After his parents separated when he was twelve, his mother, two brothers, and sister moved to East Chicago, Indiana , a suburb outside Chicago in Northwest Indiana , while he moved with his father to Oakland, California. While in East Chicago, he began to pursue his dreams of becoming a boxer and found success with the Golden Gloves program. Joseph and Katherine were married on November 5, , and in January , they purchased a small two-bedroom home on Jackson Street near East Chicago in Gary, Indiana. During the late s, she began working part-time at Sears in Gary.
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A t the risk of damning a dead man with faint praise, perhaps the best thing you can say about Joe Jackson is that he may not unequivocally be the most tyrannical and monstrous father in pop history. Even against such stiff competition, Joe Jackson has a shot at the title. He constantly added new chapters to a catalogue of physical and mental abuse, that, when it finally came to light in the s, seemed to provide the answer to a number of questions about his son Michael. In winter, she reportedly sent them to school with hot boiled potatoes in their pockets in the belief this would ward off the cold. But it was Joe Jackson who transformed their home life from merely unusual to nightmarish. He was a distant parent. But the discovery that his offspring had musical talent turned him from merely cold and violent into a despot. He would beat them with a belt buckle or the cord of an electric kettle, or make them spend hours carrying cinder blocks from one side of their garden to the other when they incurred his wrath. The Jackson 5, as they were to become, were not allowed outside to play with other children: they rehearsed for five hours a day after school, their enthusiasm incentivised by the fact that if they got a dance step wrong their father would order them to break a branch off a tree in their garden that he then hit them with.
He is remembered for his performance on the field and for his association with the Black Sox Scandal , in which members of the Chicago White Sox participated in a conspiracy to fix the World Series. As a result of Jackson's association with the scandal, Kenesaw Mountain Landis , Major League Baseball's first commissioner , banned Jackson from playing after the season despite his exceptional play in the World Series, in which he led both teams in several statistical categories and set a World Series record with 12 base hits. Since then, Jackson's guilt has been fiercely debated with new accounts claiming his innocence and urging Major League Baseball to reconsider his banishment.